Stylistic Devices

Stylistic Devices

Name Definition Pronunciation
Allegory Comparison with a double meaning implied
Alliteration Repetition of the same consonant
Allusion Reference to the things known to the reader to stand for smth
Anadiplosis Repetition of the initial, middle or final word in two phrases
Anaphora Repetition of the same words in the successive clauses
Antithesis Contrasted ideas in parallel clauses
Antonomasia Use of a proper name to express an idea (the Giaconda smile)
Assonance Agreement of vowel sounds
Asyndeton Avoidance of conjunctions
Bathos A decent from the elevated to common place
Chiasmus Inversion in the second phrase of the order of the first
Cliché A stereotyped unoriginal phrase
Collision / Conflict Opposition, struggle of the characters or forces
Contrast Joining unlike things
Dénouement The outcome, the unwinding of the action
Detachment A separating a secondary part of a sentence
Digression Diversion from the main point (from the thread of narration)
Discord Disagreement
Dislocation Violation of word order for humorous effect
Ellipsis Omission of a word in a sentence
Epithora Repetition of words in the end of successive clauses
Epithet An attributive characterization
Flash-back Turning back to earlier events to explain the present
Framing Repetition of the opening word in the end
Gradation Rising in emotional impact
Grotesque Fantastic exaggeration
Hyperbole Exaggeration
Intrigue The plot
Irony The use of words to convey the opposite idea
Litotes 1) An affirmation expressed by denying its contrary

2) An understatement

Message The main idea
Metaphor A comparison between two unlike things
Metonymy The use of a name of a part instead of the whole thing
Onomatopoeia Imitation of sounds in words
Oxymoron The combination of uncombinable or opposite words
Paradox A contradictory statement that is still true
Parallelism The similarity of successive phrases
Periphrasis The use of a description instead of a concrete word
Personification Speaking of a thing or an animal as of a human being
Pleonasm Using too many words when it isn’t necessary
Polysyndeton Repetition of conjunctions
Pun Realization of two meanings in a word (to kill flies and time)
Rhythm The measured flow of words and phrases
Sarcasm Bitter irony
Simile Comparison of two objects (+as, like)
Stock character A famous character whose name can be used as not proper

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