Topic 1. The Problems of Divorce and Marriage
For the recent years there have been many changes in family life. Some of these have been a result of changes in society. Nowadays young people wait longer before getting married. The reason for this is the unwillingness of the youth to share the apartments with their parents especially after getting married. Young people want first to have their own apartments and stable income, and only then marry. From my point of view, it is reasonable. In the East countries it is a rule for men to have their own families only after becoming rich enough to afford it.
Another social change is the tendency to live together without registering the marriage.
Although nowadays some women wait until their late twenties or thirties to have their first child, other women become mothers while they are still teenagers. Traditionally, partners of teenaged mothers are to marry them. The majority of such shotgun marriages are not happy. The reason for this is that the spouses are in fact children themselves, they are not ready to live on their own, take responsibility for their child and family. Consequently, over 90 per cent of these marriages result in divorce. It is a tragedy not only for the ex-married but for their children as well.
The problem of divorce became topical not so long ago. Historically, both church and society were not inclined to accept it. But things have changed greatly. Now it is not any longer precedent to divorce. Changes in society result in changes of laws and vice versa; since the law made it easier to get divorced, the number of divorce has increased. Statistics say that approximately one marriage in every four now ends in divorce. Strange though it may seem, the majority of divorced people marry again. This has lead to a new kind of family – the “reconstituted family” in which there are children from previous marriages as well as from the present marriage.
Now society is more tolerant than it used to be of single parents, unmarried couples, and unmarried people. More and more women prefer career to family. Women’s emancipation, feminism made it possible for women to get higher education and well-paid works later on. When both men and women can be economic providers, women may see less need to get married or stay at a bad marriage. Women believe they have the means to survive on their own, so that’s what they choose to do. In fact, some studies have shown that the more educated and more skilled a woman is, the more likely she is to divorce. And some women stay in violent relationship because, according to their words, they can’t afford to leave.
Modern society a gospel of individualism and self-determination, marriage goes against the very nature of such society. No wonder, the number of marriages is not as high as it used to be. We should not consider the number but their successfulness. In our past the successful marriage was defined by the number of children in family. Now we expect marriage to be a warm relationship that develops and fulfills the whole person.
Despite all the problems concerning the subject, family life is not in trouble. It is still at the centre of most people’s lives and it will be so, I believe.
Topic 2. TV and my attitude to it (the pros and cons of it).
Television is one of the greatest achievements of the 20-th century. It is the most popular part of mass media. Today every family has a TV-set. TV has changed much since the time of its invention and so has its role. There have been numerous debates concerning advantages and disadvantages of television.
When TV first appeared its main purpose was to give official information to people. It was supported by the government. Now television plays a big role in every civilized society. Today television gives people a possibility to be well informed and enjoy «civilized pleasures.» The programmes are various and people have a chance to select what they want to see. Television provides great opportunities for education. There are programmes devoted to specialized subjects. With the help of TV it is possible to learn foreign languages, to know a lot of wonderful things concerning the world flora and fauna. TV teaches the ideals of democracy and political argument.
But in its current state, TV produces more problems than it offers blessings. TV captivates and transfixes us. So we are watching not for the content, but for the contrast, change, and captivating swirl of images. That is the danger. We may decide to catch a one-hour educational program, but find ourselves immobilized by TV’s power and end up «watching» longer than we originally planned. The behavior of many viewers supports the claim that we watch TV because of its power rather than for its content. The behavior I’m referring to is eating food and drinking beer while watching TV. What has this behaviour got to do with the reason we watch TV? Well, we don’t eat potato chips and drink beer while you’re reading a book, do we? So, why is it done while watching TV? The answer is because TV is boring, and snacking helps to while the time away. By the way, according to a 1989 study by Larry Tucker at Brigham Young University, «Men who watch television three or more hours a day are twice as likely to be fat than men who watch for less than an hour.»
TV also decreases one’s attention and weakens one’s imagination. It weakens our attention because we grow used to quick, short bursts of information. As a result, we grow impatient. TV weakens our imagination because everything is portrayed for us. All we have to do is sit back and observe someone else’s imagination. Books are just the opposite. They increase our attention and help to develop our imagination. We need to be more like Groucho Marx (1895 ~ 1977) who said, «I find television very educational. Every time someone switches it on I go into another room and read a good book.»
A 20-year-old man who watches TV three hours a day until the age of 70 could have extended his life six and a quarter years merely by turning off the TV. Shutting it off not only gets you to live longer, but to live BETTER.
As for me, I watch TV very rarely because the Internet substitutes for it. I know that sitting in front of the computer is no less harmful than in front of the TV screen but with the help of the Internet I can find any information to my taste!
Topic 3. Problem and Neglected Children
Life in modern urban society is fastening every year. To be in the course of events and not to “drop out” from the modern life we should be well-informed and quick enough to enjoy the possibilities of the world.
The drawback of such society is a necessity for adults to spend most of the time at work. On returning home people are dead tired to give enough attention to their children. Consequently, the latter become difficult or neglected.
Traditionally, We refer to “difficult children” those who are hard to cope with, who have problems with their behavior and studying. They are a pain for everybody – parents, teachers, schoolmates… They show off, they are naughty, restless, willful, erratic, undisciplined…Sometimes such children leave their homes, refuse to study, engage in hooliganism, steal, use alcohol and drugs. These children are sure to require special work and careful attitude but trying to cope with the most undisciplined members of our society we often fail to notice other great problems. This concerns quiet children who are not difficult to deal with; but we should consider the term “difficult children” not as “hard to cope with”, but “overcoming difficulties”. Difficult children of this type are obedient, disciplined, calm, conditioned. They are fearful of criticism, and almost fanatical in their desire to be conventional and correct. They accept what they have been taught almost without question.
The problem has deep roots; they are in the family environment. Many parents believe that children should listen, study, and obey to cause no trouble for their parents. One more argument against freedom for children is: life is hard and parents should train their children so that they will fit into it later on.
Difficult children are usually brought up in two types of family: either in authoritative or in broken one. Being submissive to an authority without the right to resist, a child chooses the line of least resistance and becomes passive. And if he was punished severely, he tries to escape the violence. The only available way for him is to become unnoticed. So, children are taught that their inner feelings represent no interest for the outer world and hide them deep inside so that nobody could see or touch them. Such children suffer from the lack of attention and affection silently, storing their negative emotions without outer signs. Sometimes they find the way out surfing the Internet and living in the world of fantasies. Sometimes they commit suicide when nobody expects them to.
Nothing can compensate for lack of parental affection. The happiness and well-being of children depend on a degree of love and approval parents give to them. Parents should be on the child’s side. Being on the side of the child is giving love to the child – not possessive one – but behaving to the child in such a way that the child feels love and approving of him. Home plays many parts in the life of the growing child; it is the natural source of affection, security, recreation. Besides, home affects the child’s status in society.
Topic 4. The Impact of Social Changes in Modern Society on Family Life
If we have a look at the modern family life and compare it with those of the previous century, we’ll see that the essential change has happened not in the sphere of science or technical progress, but in everyday life. People don’t have to marry to be together, the couple can control the number of their children, and we no longer live in big families. A hundred years ago the social roles of men and women were strictly defined – now they are mixed. The changes in reality find their reflection in the language: present-day dictionaries say, that the phrase “Who wears the pants in the family?” is used ironically (as women also “wear pants” in both senses).
What has changed in the society? Three things are the major factors that influence modern family life: firstly, emancipation; secondly, freedom of morals; thirdly, technical and scientific progress which makes the life easier, faster, and neurotic. What’s their impact on family life?
The statistics says that family life is shifted in the direction of individual freedom. The former type of family was based on the sacrifice that women made to the home altar. Now ninety percent of women having families work. On the one hand, it makes family life more stable: it’s no catastrophe now when the husband is fired. But on the other hand, who will take care of the children? So, the main processes in modern family life are the following:
1) People marry later or don’t marry at all. The average age of getting married is 24 years now, and the number of bachelors is growing.
2) Divorce rate is extremely high: 60 per cent of marriages are broken during three years of family life. Consequently, the number of single-parent families grows: 37 per cent by now.
3) As soon as people can control childbirth, fewer children are born. The declination in birth rate in our country has been conditioned primarily by the economic crisis, but it’s a general tendency in Europe: only one or two children are born in a family. About 40 per cent of first children hadn’t been planned by their parents. The demographic crisis has alarmed the government, and since 2006 maternity payments were raised considerably. The maternity payment for the second childbirth was also aimed at improvement of the situation. The birth rate grew for the last two years, but I think it’s mostly connected with a spell of economic stability.
4) Mothers work, and families are nuclear (no grandparents), so the problem with looking after the children is vital. Many children are neglected, and see their parents only late in the evening.
So, the modern way of family life arouses many problems, though I think it’s better than it was in the past, for women especially.
Topic 5. The Internet and my Attitude to Electronic Mass Media.
More and more people nowadays are interested to be known about all events, in taking some information quickly. With the help of Internet you can make it easily.
There is no consensus of opinions among people as to the Internet. Some argue that the society benefits from the internet so much. In contrast, others hold the view that it will be harmful to the public. In my opinion, it should be decided on case-by-case analysis. If the user uses the internet in ways that will not harm anyone, then this would be an advantage, otherwise, it will be a disadvantage.
The internet has many advantages…It is a way of communication between people who are miles and miles away! People all over the world can share ideas and thoughts through technology on different websites. The internet is the place where one can find anything, be it educational information, or games. You can even get a degree online! How wonderful is that??? that means you don’t have to worry about traveling expenses … All you need is the internet, and you’ll get a degree in no time. The internet provides all this and more! If the user doesn’t abuse its purpose, this world can be a much better place to live in. Last but not least, we can buy something through it instead of going to any stores.
Those who oppose the Internet maintain that disadvantages are many. On the one hand, it will be harmful to children’s eyes if they sit in front of the computer for a long time. On the other hand, the internet consumes people so much time, money and energy. It makes children get addicted to computer games and pay less attention to their study.
From my point of view, the internet has both positive and negative effects, because sometimes it consumes my spare time and I can’t tear myself away from it. But there are situations in my life when I can’t imagine my life without the internet. There is a lot of educational information in it that helps me in my study. That’s why I think that we should be wise using different internet resources not to become addicted to them and not to reject them.
Topic 6. Household chores are inevitable, but who should do them?
The question on household chores dates back to the creation of the world.
At the early stage of human community there was matriarchy there. That means that women dominated over men. But with the development of agriculture, cattle-breeding and metal-working the things became different. Primitive society changed into tribal system, men gained power not only in economy, but also in family and society. From that very period it became a tradition to separate chores: men did all hard work, and women did all the work about the house.
With the development of the society things became more complicated. Men began working outside homes and women went on keeping houses, that is, to raise children, cook, wash up, wash the clothes, clean up rooms, dust the furniture, mop the flour and what not.
The state of things remained unchanged for centuries. But in the middle of the twentieth century women got sick and tired of slaving over the house. Such movement as Women’s Emancipation took place. Women began struggling for their rights in society. As a result, on the one hand, now men and women are almost equal in rights: both can have careers, on the other hand, the question of household chores has never been so burning.
When both man and woman are busy all day long making career, it is a real problem who should do the housework. Traditionally, the work about the house is considered to be women’s responsibility. Though things changed, men are not inclined to notice it. They continue to believe that it is women who should or even must do housework. That is the reason of tensity in family.
In the beginning, when first dating, couples generally do everything together: shop, cook, clean, walk the dog… But shortly after saying vows – or even before that — they fall into more familiar, stereotypical roles. Part of this has to do with our role models: our parents. But another part has to do with practicality. People naturally gravitate toward things they are good at, that is women cook, clean, wash, shop; men – repair their cars, and fix simple electric appliances. Maximum of what we make them do is empty the trash and change light bulbs. It proves that splitting tasks along gender lines is not a very good thing.
But some believe it is. This opinion is shared by couples’s therapists. They are sure that couples do not have to do the same chores but they should “sweat equally”. They suggest sitting down and figuring out what the strengths are, who does what and then dividing the task fairly. One rule is to be flexible. Sometimes the spouse has to do some thing even if he hates it. And the second rule is to be nice. If the spouse is asked to do something he should do it without nagging. But there can be objection to the second rule because asking husband for help gives the impression that the household chores are only women job and responsibility. Instead women should ask their husbands to do the share.
It is a very controversial subject who should do the household chores and every family solves the problem in its own way.
Topic 7. Folklore and Folk Customs, Traditions in Our Country and Abroad
Folklore comprises the unrecorded traditions of a people. The study of folklore analyses these traditions because they reveal the common life of the mind below the level of formal culture which is recorded by civilizations as the learned heritage of their times. Folklore is handed down by example or spoken word, by the older to the new generations.
Folklore can be verbal (proverbs, rhymes, myths, legends, folksong, ballads), partly verbal (superstitions, customs and festivals, folk dances and games) or non-verbal (folk gestures, folk music, architecture, handicrafts, folk costumes and foods). The study of folk life is that of man’s mental, spiritual and material struggle towards civilization.
A custom is a traditional practice, a mode of individual behavior or a habit of social life. When customs are associated with holidays they become calendar customs and when such events are celebrated annually by a whole community they become festivals. Most true folk customs in the USA are associated with special events, especially with those that require rites of passage – birth, marriage and death.
Children’s birthdays almost invariably are the occasion for spanking – one spank for each year, with extras “to grow in” or “for good measure”. Children in some regions maintain schedule of extra-punishment days before and after the birthday- “pinch day”, “hit day”, “Kiss day”… Birthday gift at a party may be held over the head of the celebrating child for him to guess the donor or to announce the use to which he intends to put the gift. For each correct guess he is granted a wish. The loss of “baby teeth” is one of the few other non-holiday occasions in a child’s life when customs are followed.
Courtship and engagement begin a new round of customs that lead to a grand final at marriage, the most tradition-regulated personal ceremony in American life. Wedding customs begin with the “shower” often several of them, to emphasize different kinds of needed gifts.
Customs of the wedding itself are numerous and largely regulated by tradition. They include the dress of participants, the seating of guests, the choice of attendants, kissing the bride, throwing rice, passing the bride’s shoe around for money, playing pranks on the married couple, and decorating the car.
There are many traditions in Great Britain. Halloween is one of them; it is celebrated on the 31st of October. This is the night when witches, ghosts, demons, skeletons, goblins come out. In the weeks before Halloween children decorate the windows of their houses and schools with pictures of witches, black cats and bats. They make lanterns out of pumpkins. They are called jack-o-lanterns. On Halloween children dress up as ghosts, witches, skeletons and vampires and have noisy parties. They go to houses and ring at the bell, shouting “treat or trick”. The person who opens the door should give them a treat, or the children would play a trick on him.
In Russia we have a tradition similar to Halloween, it’s called Svyatki. It is the fortnight before Kreshenie, which is on the 19th of January. During this period ryazhenye knock at the doors, sing song and dunce for a treat. Traditionally, on Svyatki girls tell themselves fortunes concerning their future husbands.
National customs and traditions have been historically associated with seasonal changes of the year. Pancake Day (Maslyanitsa) in Russia dates back to the ancient Slavic tradition of saying farewell to winter and welcoming spring by singing, dancing, burning the straw effigy of Maslyanitsa and eating pancakes, which represent little images of the Sun.
From youth to old age, from the country with which we identify, we encounter folk traditions, customs, recipes, memories, sayings and allusions that in sum constitute a yearly folklore brew. Only by turning to the folklore of peoples, probing into its meanings and functions, searching for links between different bodies of tradition may we hope to understand the intellectual and spiritual life of man in its broadest dimensions.
Topic 8. All I Know about my Favourite TV Programmes.
Nowadays the TV is an indispensable thing for us. People often watch TV in their free time. One can choose the programme one likes best : sport, music, news, wild world and so on. TV programme gives us many useful and interesting informations. For example: news, the programme which tell us about current events in our country and abroad, wild world, which give us many interesting facts about animals, images of unsual animals, also some adventure programme that show us the facts about different countries and cities. You may see films on TV as well. They might be feature, adventure, scientific, cartoon etc.
Statistic of a resent years have revealed that more than 60 % of the Russian people watch television for an average of two to three hours a day and that the television news alone is watched by 80 millions daily. There are a lof channels to chose from. But still in Russia there are commercial channels and no commercials which are usually educational in nature, and advertising such as Culture programme .
The most known TV brand in Russian television, Channel One offers a diverse mix of programming including news and documentaries, talk shows, feature film presentations, game shows and sports.
What I really like to waych is ORT News that informs us about all important events not only in our country but also all over the world. At the end of this programme you can get the information about coming weather to be ready for it.
But best of all I like the programs of “Travels club”, because it is very educational. It is a ‘window to the world’. By watching it, I can ‘travel’, ‘explore’ and ‘discover’ different corners of the world. This programme helps to expand my horizon and improve my knowledge and experience. In addition to that, the narration is very accurate, informative, vivid and descriptive. Thus, I have never felt restless, distracted or bored watching this programme. It is a touching and heart-warming TV programme and I will not hesitate to recommend it to others so that they will be able to understand how it’s important to care for the one and only world we live in.
Topic 9. The Role of the Print Media in Nowadays Society
“The editor of a newspaper never reads it: he knows it’s absolutely useless.” said Mark Twain more than a hundred years ago when newspaper industry was booming all over the world. Nowadays the total circulation of all the world newspapers is over 700 million copies a week which is more than ever. However, publishing houses are skeptic about it. The industry has got too many rivals to prosper further on. In fact, very few editions stand firm and can afford a permanent staff of journalists working in different countries. The others have to fight for the subscription and make both ends meet. And the quality of information stands to it.
I would divide all the print media into three groups. The elite one is respectable newspapers and magazines, the so-called “world trademarks” such as “The Times” (including British, American and Indian editions), “Daily Mirror”, “Vogue”, “Glamour’, “Burda”, “Deutche Welle” and the suchlike. The second one is the thematic media published within a country or an area and devoted to some particular sphere. Such periodicals as “The World of Chess”, “Around the World”, “National Geographic” are the examples of this sort. The third group embraces the local editions within towns, districts, universities, big companies, etc. They observe local events and give an account of what happened in this particular locality.
The problem with the print media is evident: they are printed. That means they should not only find and select material, but also be typed, properly illustrated, printed, filed, delivered, sold, and later utilized somehow. At the same time TV causes fewer problems, to say nothing about the Internet. This makes newspapers more expensive and less effective comparatively. Another thing, the news if printed is always the yesterday news at least, and TV and the Internet allow knowing what is happening right now, so the name of the print medium (newspapers) may become old-fashioned very soon. Very few people read news in newspapers. So will the print media extinct?
It is early to say so. First of all, the majority of the world population has no possibility to use the World Wide Web. TV is a more dangerous rival, but here another factor plays its part: TV information is current, it can’t be stored, so newspapers give an opportunity to make an archive of events. And thirdly – many people still prefer reading. It’s a certain lifestyle – to read the morning newspaper with a cup of coffee. A newspaper is material, thus it is portable and polyfunctional. You can read the news in the Internet, but can you cover your face with the Internet when lying on the beach?
Frankly speaking, I’m not a newspaper-reader. I prefer watching TV or surfing the Internet for current information as well as for fun. Certainly, I buy a TV programme, some magazines from time to time, but I never subscribe for periodicals. I’d like to collect some interesting periodicals like “Around the World”, but it’s very expensive, and newspaper piles in the flat are the very thing which requires too much room and isn’t to be thrown out. Maybe, it’s better to pass to electronic forms of information not to waste wonderful, living forests for the sake of a doubtful pleasure for some hours.
Topic 10. TV Addicts are Better than Drug Addicts, aren’t they?
From an early age television plays a large part in our lives, first watching children’s programmes and then as we get older, sports, films and news programmes. Televisions are more affordable now than ever and people often have second and third televisions in bedrooms and kitchens.
TV addiction is very, very real. More so than smoking, more so than drugs, and more so than alchohol. It is more insidious than any of these addictions because an entire industry and institution has been built around television entertainment. TV addiction is uncontrollable. I’m certain that it is the downfall of most marriages and the reason why half of this country is unemployed, overweight, lazy, and has attention deficit disorder.
A TV addict is a person who depends psychologically on watching television, it’s similar to pathological gambling.
A drug addict is person who depends not only psychologically but also physically on using drugs.
We can consider that TV addicts are better than drug addicts because people depending on drug addiction try at any price to get drugs, they can kill, thieve not thinking about the results. But sometimes watching television can be the reason for all of these. George Mikes once said, TV teaches us “how to kill, to rob, to shoot and to poison.” We watch hits where people are killed before our very eyes. It dulls our sensitivity and when we learn about one more tragedy or catastrophe, we perceive it as something quite natural, just like an everyday affair. It may be the reason not only for taking drugs but fot drinking and smoking. One man said «I believe that the reason I smoke and drink every day and my wife is overweight is because we watched TV every day for the last four years».
That’s why I think that taking drugs and watching TV are in some degree correlate with each other. And I can’t say what is really better TV addiction or drug addiction because the first one can entail not only the second one but also other addictions.
Topic 11. The Most Painful Time is Adolescence
What is the most painful period of life? There can be many variants, but by general consent adolescence is considered to be the most difficult time, as the most unpleasant situation is that when you have the wish, but do not have the way. In the childhood you have little opportunities, but your wishes usually coincide with the things available. A grown-up has got developed wishes and wide possibilities; at least, if he is unhappy, it is he himself who is responsible for that. But adolescence is the time when you have already cast your glance at the mysterious world – but can’t explore it properly, can’t touch what you see. This is the problem with a young person: too many dreams for such a modest range of choice. Parents are not the root of all evil, as many teenagers think. The root of all evil is the conflict between “I want”, “I can” and “I must”. Parents just intensify it representing the authority of earlier years which is to be broken for the new authority to come. Those who used to be children rebel against being children, weak and not taken into account. Goethe compared this period to a big tiger in a small cage, who knows that it will be out of it very soon – impatience and hostility to the circumstances, which seem unbearable.
The problems of adolescence are carefully studied by psychology. This time is generally called “a teenager crisis”, and they distinguish several characteristic features of it: negative attitude to the norms, traditions and authority; antisocial behaviour, and manifestations of blank refusal to conform to the majority; search of referent groups, identification; conflicts with parents. From the physiological point of view, this period is characterized by rapid growth of body, sudden changes in pulse and blood pressure, uneven level of hormonal activity. All this contributes to sudden changes in mood, sensitivity, being intolerant to other people’s words.
All the teenager problems are universal: thirst for love and understanding, need for freedom and being unique, search of one’s own way in life. When you are seventeen you can’t believe that there are millions like you – you think you will be different from masses of people. This causes deviations in behaviour, discipline at school, riot against the authority of the teacher. Many teachers say that children from 14 to 17 are the most difficult group to deal with as they can do something just because you don’t want them to. I think, the best way out is to be like the romantic ideal of that period yourself – to be strong, free, self-confident, and unusual, so that your lessons would be like a gasp of fresh wind in the school routine.
Perhaps, adolescence is the most painful time for the majority of people, but I have come to the conclusion that the most painful time is that you suffer from just now.
Topic 12. Computer Games at Leisure is a Wonderful Pastime, but Can It Be Otherwise?
Thirty years ago, when IBM company presented their first personal computer, a huge and heavy construction, it was laughed at. “Popular Electronics” wrote that “Nobody will ever be mad enough to buy such a machine to have in the house”.
In the course of time it proved to be wrong. Today over 80 per cent of families in Russia have a PC, and more than 40 million people are regular users of the Internet. In Europe 96 per cent of families have a PC in the house. First computers were meant for work only: they allowed operations with a lot of numbers simultaneously. Later computers were provided with the Office software for typing text, making table, presentations and stocks of data. The computer industry turned into the industry of entertainment only with the development of graphic and sound, or multimedia facilities. The first computer game was made only in 1980, and since that time the industry swept the world like a hurricane. The majority of games are intended for teenagers, but many grown-ups also become addicted to them.
Computer games as a social phenomenon have the positive and the negative side. The positive effect of computer games lies in their educational and developing role. Playing games, children acquire the habits of working with the computer and find the way about the new programme better. There are also many educational games, for example, logic games, strategy games which develop tactics and the ability to take many factors into account. There are games that teach history or a foreign language. But there are also many games which are not simply useless, but even harmful, as they develop aggression and cruelty. They are the so-called “shooters” and RPG-games, where you have to roam about the game world and kill all the enemies. I believe these games should be prohibited, as they have no positive influence.
Another thing, games are very time-consuming. A standard computer game is intended for about a hundred of game hours, which is equal to a good educational course. Wasting time on computer games, we spent our life on chimerical achievements – having no real ones.
So I believe that computer games can be useful, but usually they do nothing but mere harm, consuming time and energy, ruining our eyesight, and addicting people to an imaginary world. They can be a wonderful pastime after studies or work, when you can forget about all the problems for an hour building an ancient city or leading a war against Barbarians; but playing computer games should not come into habit. Most computer games are produced in English, and this contributes to acquiring many English words subconsciously, but in general I think that computer games sold in the country should be controlled by the government and many games with violence should be excluded from use, especially from use by children.